Guided tour by Paul A. Lear, archaeologist and Historic Site Manager at Fort Ontario.
Visitors to Fort Ontario State Historic Site today will see the star-shaped fort dating to the early 1840's with 1863 to 1872 improvements. The fourth and current Fort Ontario is built on the ruins of three earlier fortifications dating to the French and Indian War, Revolutionary War, and War of 1812. It was occupied by the U.S. Army through World War II. From 1944 to 1946 the fort served as the only refugee camp in the United States for mostly Jewish victims of the Nazi Holocaust un-der an Executive Order from President Franklin D.
Roosevelt. A post cemetery containing the graves of 77 officers, soldiers, women, and children who served at Fort Ontario in war and peace is situated on the grounds which are open year-round from dawn to dusk. In 1946 Fort Ontario was transferred to the State of New York and housed World War II veterans and their families until 1953. It opened as a state historic site in 1953.
SATURDAY EVENING DISCUSSION GROUPS
1. Native Terms for Wampum
M. J. Becker notes that the words used for wampum (marine shell beads) in its various forms remain largely uncollected and unexamined. What are the actual words used for these different wampum categories (below) in each of the various Iroquoian and various Algonquian languages?
Please join us in discussing this issue and how we might best address it.
For more information or how you may contribute to the discussion,
please contact Marshall Becker.
One shell bead
Small string of beads
String of beads
Long string of beads
Fathom of beads
Bunch (or hand, tree, hank)
Band of wampum (ornamental)
Belt of wampum (diplomatic)
Are there OTHER categories?
2. Oral Histories
The Conference on Iroquois Research is currently seeking your ideas and recommendations to establish a "permanent session" dedicated to Haudenosaunee Oral Traditions. For more information or how you may contribute to the discussion, please contact Colette Haworth.